Purchase system for ship launching and docking

Purchase System

Purchase System

A purchase is a device that multiplies the force exerted by a tensioned rope. Purchases consist of three basic parts:

· Standing or fixed block or blocks · Moving or traveling block or blocks attached to the load · Wire rope rove between the sheaves of the fixed and moving blocks.

The purchase multiplies force (gains an advantage) because each part of the rope at the traveling block exerts the same tension on the block. The total force on the traveling block is the sum of the forces exerted by the individual parts of rope. The mechanical advantage of a purchase is the ratio of force generated by the purchase to the tension on the purchase rope. The theoretical mechanical advantage (TMA) is the number of parts of rope led to the moving block. For example, a purchase rove with 3 parts at the traveling block has a theoretical mechanical advantage of 3, and develops 15 tons of force when the rope is tensioned to 5 tons. Theoretical advantage equals the ratio of the line speed to the load speed.

Blocks Reeving

There are no hard-and-fast rules for reeving large purchase blocks that operate in a horizontal plane. The following procedures are good rigging practice:

a. The standing block is placed in its correct operating position and connected to its deadman or anchorage.

b. The traveling block is placed approximately two block lengths away and secured with straps shackled to a convenient strong point.

c. Sheaves of purchase blocks are numbered for reeving. The sheaves of the standing block have even numbers, those of the traveling block, odd numbers.

d. Each sheave of both blocks is marked clearly or painted with its number.

e. A dummy reeve is made with light, synthetic, fiber line rove through the sheaves.

f. After the dummy reeve is checked and approved, a wire rope is attached to the dummy reeve line and rove through the purchase. The wire serves as a gantline for reeving the main purchase wire.

g. The reels with the purchase wire are set upon stools or rollers in suitable positions. Purchases may be rove after all the wire except for a short end for reeving the blocks has been spooled onto the winch drum; or, they may be rove directly from the reel. In the latter method, the traveling block is fully fleeted to its operating position, and the entire length of the purchase wire unspooled before the bitter end is taken to the winch.

h. The free end of the gantline is short-spliced or welded to the bitter end of the main purchase wire. The -inch wire is taken to power and hauled slowly through the purchase until the end of the main purchase wire emerges from the last sheave.

i. The gantline is removed and the main purchase wire made up to its becket. The reeve is complete.

 

Above illustrations show different reeving methods of four sheav blocks. The round-robin reeving system is not particularly efficient because the purchase develops a twisting moment that capsizes the traveling block. Roundrobin reeving is used only for large purchases have restraining systems.

Center to center reeving is the common reeving system that has reverse bends to counter the torque that twists the purchase and capsizes the traveling blocks.

           

           

Specification of blocks

    Model

Standard Load (Ton)

Test Load (KN)

       Dimension (mm)

Rope Dia (mm)

Weight (Kg)

H
B
L

ES 4-32

32

448

940

316

384

25-26.5

196

ES 4-50

50

700

1155

406

445

28-31

348

ES 5-50

50

700

997

364

485

23-24.5

303

ES 5-80

80

1040

1210

452

580

31-35

516

ES 6-100

100

1300

1325

452

668

31-35

691

Stronger blocks up to 500 T are available.